Coronavirus infection can cause subacute thyroiditis, according to a new study published in "The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism" which reports the first known case of this pathology.
Subacute thyroiditis is an inflammatory thyroid disease characterized by neck pain and is often preceded by an upper respiratory tract infection. It can be caused by a viral infection or a post-viral inflammatory reaction, and many viruses have been linked to the disease.
SARS-CoV-2 has become a pandemic with severe respiratory symptoms and may affect other organs. "We reported the first case of subacute thyroiditis after SARS-CoV-2 infection," says Francesco Latrofa, a doctor at the University Hospital of Pisa, Italy. "Doctors should be alerted over the possibility of this additional clinical manifestation related to COVID-19," adds the Italian doctor.
Doctors examined an 18-year-old woman infected with COVID-19 after she was infected by her father. The young woman made a full recovery with negative results a few days after overcoming the illness, but within a few days, she began to experience some additional symptoms, such as neck and thyroid pain, fever and increased heart rate.
As a result, the woman had to be readmitted to the hospital, where she was diagnosed with subacute thyroiditis, even though her thyroid had been functioning normally a month before. "Because of the chronological association, SARS-CoV-2 can be considered responsible for the onset of subacute thyroiditis," says the Italian doctor, Francesco Latrofa.